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FOOD ADDITIVES & GI INDEX LISTS

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Printable link to food additives listings

THE GLYCEMIC INDEX LINK

About Food Additives

Additives are intended to improve food. They can:

  • improve the keeping quality of a food by making it last longer on the shelf or in the fridge, for example a preservative to prevent the growth of bacteria or a humectant to stop food from drying out;
  • ·improve the taste or appearance of a food, for example by the use of flavours, thickeners and colours.

Another benefit of food additives is that consumers can be offered a wider choice of foods. Many processed foods contain additives. Some common examples are bacon, margarine, ice cream and bread.

Some people believe that because food additives are chemicals they should be banned. Many food additives occur naturally, such as red colour from beetroot (Beet red), and purple colour from grape skins (anthocyanins). These colours can be extracted and added to foods.

Some food additives found in nature can be manufactured, for example, ascorbic acid. Other additives are manufactured but not found in nature, such as aspartame, which is used to replace sugar.

Controlling the use of additives

Before an additive can be used in foods, Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) carries out a safety assessment. All additives go through a safety assessment process. FSANZ checks that the food additive is safe at the level proposed to be used, and that there are good technological reasons for the use of the additive. If FSANZ agrees that a food additive should be permitted, approval of government Ministers is sought. It is only after Ministerial approval that a food additive can be used in foods. The Food Standards Code (this is the joint food law between Australia and New Zealand) says which additives can be used and in what foods.

Additives and adverse reactions (Intolerance, allergies)

A small number of people may have adverse reactions to some food additives, just as some people may be allergic to or have adverse reactions to peanuts, milk or shellfish. Food labelling helps people who are sensitive to certain food additives to avoid them.

Reading the food label

To check what additives are in foods, read the label. All food ingredients, including any additives, must be listed on the labelof a food. The ingredients are listed in descending order of ingoing weight. On the label, within the list of ingredients, the class name of the additive will be listed and then the additive name or code number in brackets.

For example:

Thickener (pectin) or Thickener (440)

(class name) (additive name) (class name) (code number)

Class name

Food additives are grouped into classes according to their function. For example, all colour additives are used to colour food, so are in one group in this booklet. Some food additives have more than one use. See for example Lecithin (number 322). It can be used as an antioxidant, and also as an emulsifier. It therefore has two entries in this booklet. Where an additive is capable of being classified in more than one class, the most appropriate class name is used on the label of a food.

In some cases there are optional or alternative class names not listed in this booklet that can be used on the label. For example, some thickeners can also be called modified starches.

Some additives do not have a legally defined class name. The group of additives that function as propellants (see table in this booklet) have no legally defined class name, so are listed on the label by the specific name of the additive, with no reference to a class name.

Code numbers

Most food additives have code numbers. The numbers listed in this booklet are part of an international numbering system. Code numbers use less space on labels than names of additives. They also help avoid the confusion caused by some additives having more than one name, or additives with similar names.

Enzymes and flavours are not required to be specifically named, or identified with code numbers. These additives are required to be labelled by their class name only.

Some code numbers may have an "E" in front of them. This means that the food is labelled for the European Union market.

Vitamins and minerals

Vitamins and minerals are no longer classified as additives, under the Food Standards Code (they were under previous New Zealand food law). Some vitamins and minerals have a code number however, as they perform another function. An example of this is Ascorbic acid (vitamin C), which is an antioxidant but can also be added as a vitamin to some foods. Those additives that can also function as a vitamin or mineral are identified in this booklet with an asterisk.

What food additives do

In this booklet, food additives are listed under their class name in numerical order. Look at the beginning of each class to find out what they do. For example under COLOURS it states what they do and why they are used. You will find, for example, that colour (110) is Sunset yellow FCF.

Further information

Further information on food and the regulations for food can be obtained from your local public health service or on

www.foodstandards.govt.nz.

FOOD ADDITIVES LISTS

Food Additive Lists

When you are shopping you may wish to check the additives in the foods you buy. The food additives allowed in New Zealand and Australia are listed below. They are listed in their classes in numerical order.

Colours

Colours make foods look more attractive. They are added to help identify flavours, to make food look brighter and to restore colour that may have been lost during processing.

100

Curcumim or Turmeric

101*

Riboflavin or Riboflavin 5'-phosphate sodium

102

Tartrazine

103

Alkanet or Alkannin

104

Quinoline yellow

110

Sunset yellow FCF

120

Cochineal or Carmines or Carminic acid

122

Azorubine or Carmoisine

123

Amaranth

124

Ponceau 4R

127

Erythrosine

129

Allura red AC

132

Indigotine

133

Brilliant Blue FCF

140

Chlorophyll

141

Chlorophyll-copper complex or Chlorophyllin copper complex,

 

sodium and potassium salts

142

Green S

143

Fast green FCF

150a

Caramel I

150b

Caramel II

150c

Caramel III

150d

Caramel IV

151

Brilliant black BN or Brilliant Black PN

153

Carbon blacks or Vegetable carbon

155

Brown HT

160a*

Carotene

160b

Annatto extracts

160c

Paprika oleoresins

160d

Lycopene

160e*

beta-apo-8' Carotenal

160f*

beta-apo-8' Carotenoic acid, methyl or ethyl ester

161a

Flavoxanthin

161b

Lutein

161c

Kryptoxanthin

161d

Rubixanthin

161e

Violoxanthin

161f

Rhodoxanthin

162

Beet red

163

Anthocyanins or Grape skin extract or Blackcurrant extract

164

Saffron or Crocetin or Crocin

170*

Calcium carbonate

171

Titanium dioxide

172

Iron oxide

173

Aluminium

174

Silver

175

Gold

181

Tannic acid or Tannins

   

Preservatives

200

Sorbic acid

201

Sodium sorbate

202

Potassium sorbate

203

Calcium sorbate

210

Benzoic acid

211

Sodium benzoate

212

Potassium benzoate

213

Calcium benzoate

216

Propylparaben or Propyl-p-hydroxy-benzoate

218

Methylparaben or Methyl-p-hydroxy-benzoate

220

Sulphur dioxide

221

Sodium sulphite

222

Sodium bisulphite

223

Sodium metabisulphite

224

Potassium metabisulphite

225

Potassium sulphite

228

Potassium bisulphite

234

Nisin

235

Natamycin or Pimaricin

242

Dimethyl dicarbonate

249

Potassium nitrite

250

Sodium nitrite

251

Sodium nitrate

252

Potassium nitrate

280

Propionic acid

281

Sodium propionate

282

Calcium propionate

283

Potassium propionate

385

Calcium disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate or Calcium disodium EDTA

1105

Lysozyme

   

Acidity Regulators

260

Acetic acid, glacial

261

Potassium acetate

262

Sodium acetate or Sodium diacetate

263

Calcium acetate

264

Ammonium acetate

270

Lactic acid

296

Malic acid

297

Fumaric acid

325

Sodium lactate

326

Potassium lactate

327*

Calcium lactate

328

Ammonium lactate

329

Magnesium lactate

330

Citric acid

331

Sodium citrates

332

Potassium citrates

333*

Calcium citrate

334

Tartaric acid

335

Sodium tartrate

336

Potassium tartrate or Potassium acid tartrate

337

Potassium sodium tartrate

338*

Phosphoric acid

339*

Sodium phosphates

340*

Potassium phosphates

341*

Calcium phosphates

342

Ammonium phosphates

343*

Magnesium phosphates

349

Ammonium malate

350

Sodium malates

351

Potassium malate

352

Calcium malate

353

Metatartaric acid

354

Calcium tartrate

355

Adipic acid

357

Potassium adipate

359

Ammonium adipates

363

Succinic acid

365

Sodium fumarate

366

Potassium fumarate

367

Calcium fumarate

368

Ammonium fumarate

380

Ammonium citrate or Triammonium citrate

381*

Ferric ammonium citrate

450

Potassium pyrophosphate or Sodium acid pyrophosphate or

 

Sodium pyrophosphate

451

Potassium tripolyphosphate or Sodium tripolyphosphate

500

Sodium carbonate or Sodium bicarbonate

501

Potassium carbonate or Potassium bicarbonate

503

Ammonium bicarbonate or Ammonium hydrogen carbonate

504*

Magnesium carbonate

507

Hydrochloric acid

514

Sodium sulphate

515

Potassium sulphate

526*

Calcium hydroxide

529*

Calcium oxide

541

Sodium aluminium phosphate

575

Glucono delta-lactone

578*

Calcium gluconate

580*

Magnesium gluconate

Antioxidants

Antioxidants help to stop oils and fats from deteriorating and developing rancid flavours. They also slow down colour and flavour changes so foods made using oils and fats can be kept for longer.

300*

Ascorbic acid

301*

Sodium ascorbate

302*

Calcium ascorbate

303*

Potassium ascorbate

304*

Ascorbyl palmitate

306*

Tocopherols concentrate, mixed

307*

alpha -Tocopherol

308

gamma - Tocopherol

309

delta - Tocopherol

310

Propyl gallate

311

Octyl gallate

312

Dodecyl gallate

315

Erythorbic acid

316

Sodium erythorbate

319

tert-Butylhydroquinone

320

Butylated hydroxyanisole

321

Butylated hydroxytoluene

322

Lecithin

330

Citric acid

334

Tartaric acid

385

Calcium disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate or

 

Calcium disodium EDTA

512

Stannous chloride

586

4-hexylresorcinol

1102

Glucose oxidase

Emulsifiers, Stabilisers, Thickeners and Gelling Agents

Emulsifiers are used to ensure that mixtures of oil and water based ingredients stay mixed together. Stabilisers make it possible for two or more ingredients (which usually don't stay mixed) to stay together. Thickeners thicken food and ensure uniform consistency. These include modified starches. Gelling agents modify food texture through the formation of a gel, helping food to set.

181

Tannic acid or tannins

322

Lecithin

331

Sodium citrates

332

Potassium citrates

333*

Calcium citrate

336

Potassium tartrate or Potassium acid tartrate

337

Potassium sodium tartrate

339*

Sodium phosphates

340*

Potassium phosphates

341*

Calcium phosphates

400

Alginic acid

401

Sodium alginate

402

Potassium alginate

403

Ammonium alginate

404

Calcium alginate

405

Propylene glycol alginate

406

Agar

407

Carrageenan

407a

Processed eucheuma seaweed

409

Arabinogalactan or Larch gum

410

Locust bean gum or Carob bean gum

412

Guar gum

413

Tragacanth gum

414

Acacia or Gum arabic

415

Xanthan gum

416

Karaya gum

418

Gellan gum

420

Sorbitol or Sorbitol syrup

431

Polyoxyethylene (40) stearate

433

Polysorbate 80 or Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate

435

Polysorbate 60 or Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate

436

Polysorbate 65 or Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan tristearate

440

Pectin

442

Ammonium salts of phosphatidic acid

444

Sucrose acetate isobutyrate

445

Glycerol esters of wood rosins

450

Potassium pyrophosphate or Sodium acid pyrophosphate or

 

Sodium pyrophosphate

452

Potassium polymetaphosphate or Sodium metaphosphate,

 

insoluble or Sodium polyphosphates, glassy

461

Methyl cellulose

463

Hydroxypropyl cellulose

464

Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose

465

Methyl ethyl cellulose

466

Sodium carboxymethylcellulose

470

Aluminium, calcium, sodium, magnesium, potassium and ammonium

 

salts of fatty acids

471

Mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids

472a

Acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol

472b

Lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol

472c

Citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol

472e

Diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol

472f

Mixed tartaric, acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol

473

Sucrose esters of fatty acids

475

Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids

476

Polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic acid

477

Propylene glycol mono - and di-esters or Propylene glycol esters of fatty acids

480

Dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate

481

Sodium lactylate or Sodium oleyl lactylate or Sodium stearoyl lactylate

482

Calcium lactylate or Calcium oleyl lactylate or Calcium stearoyl lactylate

491

Sorbitan monostearate

492

Sorbitan tristearate

501

Potassium carbonate or Potassium bicarbonate

508

Potassium chloride

541

Sodium aluminium phosphate

542*

Bone phosphate

900a

Polydimethylsiloxane or Dimethylpolysiloxane

965

Maltitol and Maltitol syrup or Hydrogenated glucose syrup

967

Xylitol

1001

Choline salts

1101

Proteases (papain, bromelain, ficin)

1200

Polydextrose

1201

Polyvinylpyrolidone

1400

Dextrin roasted starch

1401

Acid treated starch

1402

Alkaline treated starch

1403

Bleached starch

1404

Oxidised starch

1405

Enzyme treated starches

1410

Monostarch phosphate

1412

Distarch phosphate

1413

Phosphated distarch phosphate

1414

Acetylated distarch phosphate

1420

Starch acetate esterified with acetic anhydride

1422

Acetylated distarch adipate

1440

Hydroxypropyl starch

1442

Hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate

1450

Starch sodium octenylsuccinate

   

Anticaking Agents

Anticaking agents reduce the tendency of particles to stick together so that products like salt flow freely.

170*

Calcium carbonate

341*

Calcium phosphates

343*

Magnesium phosphates

381*

Ferric ammonium citrate

460

Cellulose, microcrystalline and powdered

470

Aluminium, calcium, sodium, magnesium, potassium and

 

ammonium salts of fatty acids

500

Sodium carbonate or Sodium bicarbonate

504*

Magnesium carbonate

530*

Magnesium oxide

535

Sodium ferrocyanide

536

Potassium ferrocyanide

542*

Bone phosphate

551

Silicon dioxide, amorphous

552

Calcium silicate

553

Magnesium silicate or Talc

554

Sodium aluminosilicate

555

Potassium aluminium silicate

556

Calcium aluminium silicate

558

Bentonite

559

Aluminium silicate

560

Potassium silicate

900a

Polydimethylsiloxane or Dimethylpolysiloxane

953

Isomalt

Humectants

Humectants keep food moist and stop it from drying.

325

Sodium lactate

326

Potassium lactate

350

Sodium malates

420

Sorbitol or sorbitol syrup

421

Mannitol

422

Glycerin or glycerol

914

Oxidised polyethylene

953

Isomalt

965

Maltitol and Maltitol syrup or Hydrogenated glucose syrup

966

Lactitol

967

Xylitol

968

Erythritol

1200

Polydextrose

1518

Triacetin

1520

Propylene glycol

   

Raising Agents

Raising agents are used in bakery products to make them rise.

500

Sodium carbonate or Sodium bicarbonate

503

Ammonium bicarbonate or Ammonium hydrogen carbonate

575

Glucono delta-lactone

920

L-cysteine monohydrochloride

Firming Agents

Firming agents contribute to firmness of food or interact with gelling agents to produce or strengthen a gel.

509*

Calcium chloride

511*

Magnesium chloride

516*

Calcium sulphate

518*

Magnesium sulphate

526

Calcium hydroxide

578*

Calcium gluconate

580*

Magnesium gluconate

   

Foaming Agents

Foaming agents maintain the uniform dispersion of gases in aerated food.

465

Methyl ethyl celluloid

570

Stearic acid or fatty acid

   

Flavour Enhancers

Flavour enhancers improve the existing flavour and/or taste of food.

620

L-glutamic acid

621

Monosodium L-glutamate or MSG

622

Monopotassium L-glutamate

623

Calcium glutamate

624

Monoammonium L-glutamate

625

Magnesium glutamate

627

Disodium 5' -guanylate

631

Disodium 5' -inosinate

635

Disodium 5' -ribonucleotides

636

Maltol

637

Ethyl maltol

640

Glycine

641

L-Leucine

957

Thaumatin

Glazing Agents

Glazing agents help protect a food and make it look shiny.

570

Stearic acid or fatty acid

901

Beeswax, white and yellow

903

Carnauba wax

904

Shellac

905b

Petrolatum or Petroleum jelly

   

Propellants

Propellants are sealed under pressure in an aerosol food container. This enables an aerosol can to spray out its contents, eg, cream in a can with a nozzle. Note: Propellants should be listed on the label by name (eg, carbon dioxide) rather than using the class name propellant followed by the code number.

290

Carbon dioxide

941

Nitrogen

942

Nitrous oxide

943a

Butane

943b

Isobutane

944

Propane

946

Octafluorocyclobutane

   

Sweeteners

Sweeteners replace the sweetness normally provided by sugars in foods. Some are intense sweeteners and do not contribute significantly to the available energy of foods.

420

Sorbitol or sorbitol syrup

421

Mannitol

950

Acesulphame potassium

951

Aspartame

952

Cyclamate or Calcium cyclamate or Sodium cyclamate

953

Isomalt

954

Saccharin

955

Sucralose

956

Alitame

957

Thaumatin

961

Neotame

965

Maltitol and Maltitol syrup or Hydrogenated glucose syrup

966

Lactitol

967

Xylitol

968

Erythritol

Bulking Agents

Bulking agents contribute to the volume of a food without contributing significantly to its available energy.

325

Sodium lactate

326

Potassium lactate

510

Ammonium chloride

953

Isomalt

1200

Polydextrose

   

Enzymes

Enzymes describe a group of substances that may have diverse functions. For example lipases assist in cheesemaking where milk is broken down into curds and whey. Others can act as a stabiliser or preservative.

1100

alpha-Amylase

1101

Proteases (papain, bromelain, ficin)

1104

Lipases

1105

Lysozyme

   

Antifoaming Agents

Antifoaming agents stop or reduce foaming

1505

Triethyl citrate

1521

Polyethylene glycol 8000

   

Miscellaneous Additives

Some additives cannot be classified by one of the classes listed.

519*

Cupric sulphate (mineral salt)

577

Potassium gluconate (sequestrant)

579*

Ferrous gluconate (colour retention agent)

All information on this website is subject to a disclaimer.

Contact for enquiries

New Zealand Food Safety Authority
68-86 Jervois Quay
PO Box 2835
Wellington
NEW ZEALAND

Phone: +64 4 894 2500
Fax: +64 4 894 2501

Printable link to E-numbers list

E-NUMBERS AND YOUR HEALTH
 
E-numbers are present on European food labels.  To find out the status of a food additive and its potential affects on your health just find the number (with or without the "E") below.
 

Food Additives - E - NUMBERS

Guide to food additives - E-Numbers

What they are and what they do. Additives without the E-Prefix

It is extremely wise to avoid eating food with harmful food additives - E Numbers in them. Not all E Numbers are bad for you.  The following list is based on information from the Ministries of Health of the United States, France, UK, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Russia & Italy.

E-Number
Name
Category
Side Effects
E100
Curcumin
Colour - Yellow and Orange
Safe
E101
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
Colour - Yellow and Orange
Safe
E102
Tartrazine
Colour - Yellow and Orange
May increase hyperactivity in affected children. Asthmatics sometimes react badly. Take care if you are sensitive to Aspirin.
E104
Quinoline Yellow
Colour - Yellow and Orange
May increase hyperactivity in affected children.
E110
Sunset Yellow FCF / Orange Yellow S
Colour - Yellow and Orange
May increase hyperactivity in affected children. Take care if you are sensitive to Aspirin.
E120
Cochineal / Carminic Acid
Colour - Red
Same as E104
E122
Carmoisine / Azorubine
Colour - Red
May increase hyperactivity in affected children. Asthmatics sometimes react badly. Take care if you are sensitive to Aspirin.
E123
Amaranth
Colour - Red
Very Dangerous

May increase hyperactivity in affected children. Take care if you are sensitive to Aspirin.

E124
Ponceau 4R / Cochineal Red A
Colour - Red
May increase hyperactivity in affected children. Asthmatics sometimes react badly. Take care if you are sensitive to Aspirin.
E127
Erythrosine BS
Colour - Red
Same as E104
E131
Patent Blue V
Colour - Blue
May increase hyperactivity in affected children. Asthmatics sometimes react badly. Take care if you are sensitive to Aspirin. Be cautious if you suffer from allergies or intolerances.
E132
Indigo Carmine / Idigotine
Colour - Blue
Same as E131
E140
Chlorophyll
Colour - Green
Safe
E141
Copper Complex of Chlorophyll
Colour - Green
Suspicious
E142
Green S / Acid Brilliant Green BS
Colour - Green
Cancer
E150
Caramel
Colour - Brown and Black
Suspicious
E151
Black PN / Brilliant Black BN
Colour - Brown and Black
Same as E104
E153
Carbon Black / Vegetable Carbon (Charcoal)
Colour - Brown and Black
May increase hyperactivity in affected children. Be cautious if you suffer from allergies or intolerances.
E160a
Alpha, Beta, Gamma Carotene
Colour - Carotene derivative
Safe
E160b
Annatto, Bixin, Norbixin
Colour - Carotene derivative
 
E160c
Capsanthin / Capsorbin
Colour - Carotene derivative
 
E160d
Lycopene
Colour - Carotene derivative
 
E160e
Beta-apo-8-carotenal
Colour - Carotene derivative
 
E160f
Ethyl ester of Beta-apo-8-cartonoic acid
Colour - Carotene derivative
 
E161a
Flavoxanthin
Colour - Plant
Safe ??
E161b
Lutein
Colour - Plant
 
E161c
Cryptoxanthin
Colour - Plant
 
E161d
Rubixanthin
Colour - Plant
 
E161e
Violaxanthin
Colour - Plant
 
E161f
Rhodoxanthin
Colour - Plant
 
E161g
Canthaxanthin
Colour - Plant
 
E162
Beetroot Red / Betanin
Colour - Plant
 
E163
Anthocyanins
Colour - Plant
 
E170
Calcium Carbonate (Chalk)
Colour - Inorganic
Safe
E171
Titanium Dioxide
Colour - Inorganic
 
E172
Iron Oxides and Hydroxides
Colour - Inorganic
 
E173
Aluminium
Colour - Inorganic
 
E174
Silver
Colour - Inorganic
 
E175
Gold
Colour - Inorganic
Safe ??
E180
Pigment Rubine / Lithol Rubine BK
Colour - Inorganic
 
E200
Sorbic Acid
Preservative - Sorbic Acid and its salts
Headaches
Intestine Upset
E201
Soduim Sorbate
Preservative - Sorbic Acid and its salts
Headaches
Intestine Upset
E202
Potassium Sorbate
Preservative - Sorbic Acid and its salts
Headaches
Intestine Upset
E203
Calcium Sorbate
Preservative - Sorbic Acid and its salts
Headaches
Intestine Upset
E210
Benzoic Acid
Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts
Headaches
Intestine Upset

May increase hyperactivity in affected children. Asthmatics sometimes react badly. Be cautious if you suffer from allergies or intolerances.

E211
Sodium Benzoate
Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts
Same as E210
E212
Potassium Benzoate
Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts
Same as E210
E213
Calcium Benzoate
Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts
Same as E210
E214
Ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts
Same as E210
E215
Ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, Sodium Salt
Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts
Same as E210
E216
Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts
Same as E210
E217
Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, Sodium Salt
Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts
Same as E210
E218
Methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts
Same as E210
E219
Methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, Sodium Salt
Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts
Same as E210
E220
Sulphur Dioxide
Preservative - Sulphur Dioxide and its salts
Headaches
Intestine Upset
Skin Disorders
Destroys Vitamin B12
E221
Sodium Sulphite
Preservative - Sulphur Dioxide and its salts
Same as E221
E222
Sodium Hydrogen Sulphite
Preservative - Sulphur Dioxide and its salts
Same as E221
E223
Sodium Metabisulphite
Preservative - Sulphur Dioxide and its salts
Same as E221
E224
Potassium Metabisulphite
Preservative - Sulphur Dioxide and its salts
Same as E221
E226
Calcium Sulphite
Preservative - Sulphur Dioxide and its salts
Same as E221
E227
Calcium Hydrogen Sulphite
Preservative - Sulphur Dioxide and its salts
Same as E221
E230
Biphenyl / Diphenyl
Preservative - Biphenyl and its derivatives
Headaches
Intestine Upset
Skin Disorders
E231
2-Hydroxybiphenyl
Preservative - Biphenyl and its derivatives
Same as E230
E232
Sodium Biphenyl-2-yl Oxide
Preservative - Biphenyl and its derivatives
Same as E230
E233
2-(Thiazol-4-yl) Benzimidazole
Preservative - other
Same as E230
E239
Hexamine
Preservative - other
Same as E230
E249
Potassium Nitrate
Preservative - Pickling Salts
Same as E230
E250
Sodium Nitrite
Preservative - Pickling Salts
Same as E230
E251
Sodium Nitrate
Preservative - Pickling Salts
Same as E230
E252
Potassium Nitrate(Saltpetre)
Preservative - Pickling Salts
Same as E230
E260
Acetic Acid
Miscellaneous - Acids and their Salts
 Headaches
Intestine Upset
Skin Disorders
E261
Potassium Acetate
Miscellaneous - Acids and their Salts
 Headaches
Intestine Upset
Skin Disorders
E262
Potassium Hydrogen Diacetate
Miscellaneous - Acids and their Salts
 Headaches
Intestine Upset
Skin Disorders
E263
Calcium Acetate
Miscellaneous - Acids and their Salts
 
E270
Lactic Acid
Miscellaneous - Acids and their Salts
 
E280
Propionic Acid
Preservative - Acids and their Salts
 
E281
Sodium Propionate
Preservative- Acids and their Salts
 
E282
Calcium Propionate
Preservative- Acids and their Salts
 
E283
Potassuim Propionate
Preservative- Acids and their Salts
 
E290
Carbon Dioxide
Miscellaneous - Acids and their Salts
Intestine Upset
E300
L-Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)
Antioxidants- Vitamin C and derivatives
 Safe
E301
Sodium-L-Ascorbate
Antioxidants- Vitamin C and derivatives
 Safe
E302
Calcium-L-Ascorbate
Antioxidants- Vitamin C and derivatives
 Safe
E304
Ascorbyl Palmitate
Antioxidants- Vitamin C and derivatives
Safe
E306
Natural Extracts rich in Tocopherols
Antioxidants- Vitamin E
 Safe
E307
Synthetic Alpha-Tocopherol
Antioxidants- Vitamin E
 Safe
E308
Synthetic Gamma-Tocopherol
Antioxidants- Vitamin E
 Safe
E309
Synthetic Delta-Tocopherol
Antioxidants- Vitamin E
 Safe
E310
Propyl Gallate
Antioxidants- other
 
E311
Octyl Gallate
Antioxidants- other
 
E312
Dodecyl Gallate
Antioxidants- other
 
E320
Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA)
Antioxidants- other
May increase hyperactivity in affected children. Asthmatics sometimes react badly. Be cautious if you suffer from allergies or intolerances. May not be suitable for babies
E321
Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT)
Antioxidants- other
Same as E320
E322
Lecithins
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers
 
E325
Sodium Lactate
Miscellaneous - Salts of Lactic Acid
 
E326
Potassium Lactate
Miscellaneous - Salts of Lactic Acid
 
E327
Calcium Lactate
Miscellaneous - Salts of Lactic Acid
 
E330
Citric Acid
Miscellaneous - Citric Acid and its Salts
 Intestine Upset
E331
Sodium Citrates
Miscellaneous - Citric Acid and its Salts
 
E332
Potassium Citrates
Miscellaneous - Citric Acid and its Salts
 
E333
Calcium Citrates
Miscellaneous - Citric Acid and its Salts
 
E334
Tartaric Acid
Miscellaneous - Tartaric Acid and its Salts
 Intestine Upset
E335
Sodium Tartrate
Miscellaneous - Tartaric Acid and its Salts
 
E336
Potassium Tartrate (Cream of Tartar)
Miscellaneous - Tartaric Acid and its Salts
 
E337
Potassium Sodium Tartrate
Miscellaneous - Tartaric Acid and its Salts
 
E338
Orthophosphoric Acid
Miscellaneous - Phosphoric Acid and its Salts
 
E339
Sodium Phosphates
Miscellaneous - Phosphoric Acid and its Salts
 
E340
Potassium Phosphates
Miscellaneous - Phosphoric Acid and its Salts
 
E341
Calcium Phosphates
Miscellaneous - Phosphoric Acid and its Salts
 
E400
Alginic Acid
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Alginates
 
E401
Sodium Alginate
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Alginates
 Safe
E402
Potassium Alginate
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Alginates
 Safe
E403
Ammonium Alginate
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Alginates
 Safe
E404
Calcium Alginate
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Alginates
 
E405
Propane-1,2-Diol Alginate
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Alginates
 
E406
Agar
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - other plant gums
 Safe
E407
Carrageenan
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - other plant gums
 Safe
E410
Locust Bean Gum (Carob Gum)
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - other plant gums
 
E412
Guar Gum
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - other plant gums
 Safe
E413
Tragacanth
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - other plant gums
Be cautious if you suffer from allergies or intolerances.
E414
Gum Acacia (Gum Arabic)
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - other plant gums
 Safe ?
E415
Xanthan Gum
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - other plant gums
 Safe ?
E420
Sorbitol
Sugar Alcohols
 
E421
Mannitol
Sugar Alcohols
 
E422
Glycerol
Sugar Alcohols
 
E440a
Pectin
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Pectin and derivatives
 
E440b
Amidated Pectin
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Pectin and derivatives
 
E450a,b,c
Sodium and Potassium Phosphates and Polyphosphates
Miscellaneous
 
E460
Microcrystalline / Powdered Cellulose
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Cellulose and derivatives
 
E461
Methylcellulose
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Cellulose and derivatives
 
E463
Hydroxypropylcellulose
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Cellulose and derivatives
 
E464
Hydroxypropyl-Methylcellulose
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Cellulose and derivatives
 
E465
Ethylmethylcellulose
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Cellulose and derivatives
 
E466
Carboxymethylcellulose, Sodium Salt
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Cellulose and derivatives
 
E470
Sodium, Potassium and Calcium Salts of Fatty Acids
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or Esters of Fatty Acids
 
E471
Mono-and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or Esters of Fatty Acids
 
E472
Various Esters of Mono-and Diglycerides of Fatty Acids
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or Esters of Fatty Acids
 
E473
Sucrose Esters of Fatty Acids
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or Esters of Fatty Acids
 
E474
Sucroglycerides
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or Esters of Fatty Acids
 
E475
Polyglycerol Esters of Fatty Acids
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or Esters of Fatty Acids
 
E477
Propane-1,2-Diol Esters of Fatty Acids
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or Esters of Fatty Acids
 
E481
Sodium Stearoyl-2-Lactylate
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or Esters of Fatty Acids
 
E482
Calcium Stearoyl-2-Lactylate
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or Esters of Fatty Acids
 
E483
Stearyl Tartrate
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or Esters of Fatty Acids
 

 

FOOD ADDITIVES - NUMBERS WITH NO E-PREFIX

Number
Name
Category
Affects
107
Yellow 2G
Colours - Yellow and Orange
 
128
Red 2G
Colours - Red
May increase hyperactivity in affected children.
133
Brilliant Blue FCF
Colours - Blue
May increase hyperactivity in affected children.
154
Brown FK
Colours - Brown and Black
 
155
Brown HT
Colours - Brown and Black
May increase hyperactivity in affected children. Asthmatics sometimes react badly. Take care if you are sensitive to Aspirin. Be cautious if you suffer from allergies or intolerances.
234
Nisin
Preservative - other
 
262
Sodium Acetate
Miscellaneous - Acids and their Salts
 
296
Malic Acid
Miscellaneous - Acids and their Salts
 
297
Fumaric Acid
Miscellaneous - Acids and their Salts
 
350
Sodium Malate
Miscellaneous - Salts of Malic Acid
 
351
Potassium Malate
Miscellaneous - Salts of Malic Acid
 
352
Calcium Malate
Miscellaneous - Salts of Malic Acid
 
353
Metataric Acid
Miscellaneous - Salts of Malic Acid
 
355
Adipic Acid
Miscellaneous - Salts of Malic Acid
 
363
Succinic Acid
Miscellaneous - Salts of Malic Acid
 
370
1,4-Heptonolactane
Miscellaneous - Salts of Malic Acid
 
375
Nicotinic Acid
Miscellaneous - Salts of Malic Acid
 
380
Triammonium Citrate
Miscellaneous - Salts of Malic Acid
 
381
Ammonium Ferric Citrate
Miscellaneous - Salts of Malic Acid
 
385
Calcium Disodium EDTA
Miscellaneous - Salts of Malic Acid
 
416
Karaya Gum
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers
 
430
Polyoxyethane (8) Stearate
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Fatty Acid derivatives
 
431
Polyoxyethane (40) Stearate
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Fatty Acid derivatives
 
432
Polyoxyethane (20) Sorbitan / Polysorbate 20
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Fatty Acid derivatives
 
433
Polyoxyethane (20) Sorbitan Mono-oleate / Polysorbate 80
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Fatty Acid derivatives
 
434
Polyoxyethane (20) Sorbitan Monopalmitate / Polysorbate 40
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Fatty Acid derivatives
 
435
Polyoxyethane (20) Sorbitan Monostearate / Polysorbate 60
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Fatty Acid derivatives
 
436
Polyoxyethane (20) Sorbitan Tristearate / Polysorbate 65
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Fatty Acid derivatives
 
476
Polyglycerol Esters of Polycondensed Esters of Caster Oil
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or Esters of Fatty Acids
 
478
Lactylated Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol and Propane-1,2-Diol
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or Esters of Fatty Acids
 
491
Sorbitan Monostearate
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or Esters of Fatty Acids
 
492
Sorbitan Tristearate
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or Esters of Fatty Acids
 
493
Sorbitan Monolaurate
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or Esters of Fatty Acids
 
494
Sorbitan Mono-oleate
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or Esters of Fatty Acids
 
495
Sorbitan Monopalmitate
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or Esters of Fatty Acids
 
500
Sodium Carbonate / Sodium Bicarbonate
Miscellaneous - Acids and Salts: Carbonates
 
501
Potassium Carbonate / Potassium Bicarbonate
Miscellaneous - Acids and Salts: Carbonates
 
503
Ammonium Carbonate
Miscellaneous - Acids and Salts: Carbonates
 
504
Magnesium Carbonate
Miscellaneous - Acids and Salts: Carbonates
 
507
Hydrochloric Acid
Miscellaneous - Acids and Salts: Hydrochloric Acid and its Salts
 
508
Potassium Chloride
Miscellaneous - Acids and Salts: Hydrochloric Acid and its Salts
 
509
Calcium Chloride
Miscellaneous - Acids and Salts: Hydrochloric Acid and its Salts
 
510
Ammonium Chloride
Miscellaneous - Acids and Salts: Hydrochloric Acid and its Salts
 
513
Sulphuric Acid
Miscellaneous - Acids and Salts: Sulphuric Acid and its Salts
 
514
Sodium Sulphate
Miscellaneous - Acids and Salts: Sulphuric Acid and its Salts
 
515
Potassium Sulphate
Miscellaneous - Acids and Salts: Sulphuric Acid and its Salts
 
516
Calcium Sulphate
Miscellaneous - Acids and Salts: Sulphuric Acid and its Salts
 
518
Magnesium Sulphate
Miscellaneous - Acids and Salts: Sulphuric Acid and its Salts
 
524
Sodium Hydroxide
Miscellaneous - Alkalis
 
525
Potassium Hydroxide
Miscellaneous - Alkalis
 
526
Calcium Hydroxide
Miscellaneous - Alkalis
 
527
Ammonium Hydroxide
Miscellaneous - Alkalis
 
528
Magnesium Hydroxide
Miscellaneous - Alkalis
 
529
Calcium Oxide
Miscellaneous - Alkalis
 
530
Magnesium Oxide
Miscellaneous - Alkalis
 
535
Sodium Ferrocyanide
Miscellaneous - other Salts
 
536
Potassium Ferrocyanide
Miscellaneous - other Salts
 
540
Dicalcium Ferrocyanide
Miscellaneous - other Salts
 
541
Sodium Aluminium Phosphate
Miscellaneous - other Salts
 
542
Edible Bone Phosphate (Bone-Meal)
Miscellaneous - Anti-Caking Agents
 
544
Calcium Polyphosphates
Miscellaneous - Anti-Caking Agents
 
545
Ammonium Polyphosphates
Miscellaneous - Anti-Caking Agents
 
551
Silicon Dioxide (Silica Salt)
Miscellaneous - Silicon Salts
 
552
Calcium Silicate
Miscellaneous - Silicon Salts
 
553
Magnesium Silicate / Magnesium Trisilicate (Talc)
Miscellaneous - Silicon Salts
 
554
Aluminium Sodium Silicate
Miscellaneous - Silicon Salts
 
556
Aluminium Calcium Silicate
Miscellaneous - Silicon Salts
 
558
Bentonite
Miscellaneous - other compounds
 
559
Kaolin (Aluminium Silicate)
Miscellaneous - other compounds
 
570
Stearic Acid
Miscellaneous - other compounds
 
572
Magnesium Stearate
Miscellaneous - other compounds
 
575
Glucono Delta-Lactone
Miscellaneous - other compounds
 
576
Sodium Gluconate
Miscellaneous - other compounds
 
577
Potassium Gluconate
Miscellaneous - other compounds
 
578
Calcium Gluconate
Miscellaneous - other compounds
 
620
L-Glutamic Acid
Miscellaneous - Flavour Enhancers
 

621

Monosodium Glutamate (MSG)

Miscellaneous - Flavour Enhancers

 TOXIC

Headaches
Intestine Upset
Skin Disorders

622
Monopotassium Glutamate
Miscellaneous - Flavour Enhancers
 
623
Calcium Glutamate
Miscellaneous - Flavour Enhancers
 
627
Sodium Guanylate
Miscellaneous - Flavour Enhancers
 
631
Sodium Inosinate
Miscellaneous - Flavour Enhancers
 
635
Sodium5-Ribonucleotide
Miscellaneous - Flavour Enhancers
 
636
Maltol
Miscellaneous - Flavour Enhancers
 
637
Ethyl Maltol
Miscellaneous - Flavour Enhancers
 
900
Dimethylpolysiloxane
Miscellaneous - Flavour Enhancers
 
901
Beeswax
Miscellaneous - Glazing Agents
 
903
Carnauba Wax
Miscellaneous - Glazing Agents
 
904
Shellac
Miscellaneous - Glazing Agents
 
905
Mineral Hydrocarbons
Miscellaneous - Glazing Agents
 
907
Refined Microcrystalline Wax
Miscellaneous - Glazing Agents
 
920
L-Cysteine Hydrochloride
Miscellaneous - Compounds used to treat Flour
 
924
Potassium Bromate
Miscellaneous - Compounds used to treat Flour
 
925
Chlorine
Miscellaneous - Compounds used to treat Flour
 
926
Chlorine Dioxide
Miscellaneous - Compounds used to treat Flour
 
927
Azodicarbonamide
Miscellaneous - Compounds used to treat Flour
 

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E Numbers, food additives and your health

No. Description
E100 Safe ??
E101 Safe ??
E102 Dangerous
E103 Forbidden
E104 Suspicious
E105 Forbidden
E110 Dangerous
E111 Forbidden
E120 Dangerous
E121 Forbidden
E122 Suspicious
E123 Very Dangerous
E124 Dangerous
E125 Forbidden
E126 Forbidden
E127 Dangerous
E130 Forbidden
E131 Cancer
E132 Safe ??
E140 Safe ??
E141 Suspicious
E142 Cancer
E150 Suspicious
E151 Suspicious
E152 Forbidden
E153 Suspicious
E160 Safe ??
E161 Safe ??
E163 Safe ??
E170 Safe ??
E171 Suspicious
E173 Suspicious
E174 Safe ??
E175 Safe ??
E180 Suspicious
E181 Forbidden
E210 Cancer
E211 Cancer
E212 Cancer
E213 Cancer
E214 Cancer
E215 Cancer
E217 Cancer
E220 Destroys Vitamin B12
E221 Intestine Upset
E222 Intestine Upset
E223 Intestine Upset
E224 Intestine Upset
E226 Intestine Upset
E230 Skin Disorder
E232 Skin Disorder
E233 Skin Disorder
E236 Safe ??
E237 Safe ??
E238 Safe ??
E239 Cancer
E240 Suspicious
E241 Suspicious
E250 Blood Pressure Upset
E251 Blood Pressure Upset
E252 Blood Pressure Upset
E260 Safe ??
E262 Safe ??
E263 Safe ??
E270 Safe ??
E280 Safe ??
E281 Safe ??
E282 Safe ??
E300 Safe ??
E301 Safe ??
E302 Safe ??
E303 Safe ??
E304 Safe ??
E305 Safe ??
E306 Safe ??
E307 Safe ??
E308 Safe ??
E309 Safe ??
E311 Eczema
E312 Eczema
E320 Cholesterol
E321 Cholesterol
E322 Safe ??
E325 Safe ??
E326 Safe ??
E327 Safe ??
E330 Cancer
E331 Safe ??
E332 Safe ??
E333 Safe ??
E334 Safe ??
E335 Safe ??
E336 Safe ??
E337 Safe ??
E338 Peptic Disorder
E339 Peptic Disorder
E340 Peptic Disorder
E341 Peptic Disorder
E400 Safe ??
E401 Safe ??
E402 Safe ??
E403 Safe ??
E404 Safe ??
E406 Safe ??
E407 Peptic Disorder
E408 Safe ??
E410 Safe ??
E411 Safe ??
E413 Safe ??
E414 Safe ??
E420 Safe ??
E421 Safe ??
E422 Safe ??
E450 Peptic Disorder
E461 Peptic Disorder
E462 Peptic Disorder
E463 Peptic Disorder
E465 Peptic Disorder
E466 Peptic Disorder
E471 Safe ??
E472 Safe ??
E473 Safe ??
E474 Safe ??
E475 Safe ??
E477 Suspicious
E480 Safe ??

.....enjoy your journey, namaste
 
                                   Suzanne